Gain familiarity with the present, past, and future tenses, including simple, continuous, and perfect forms.

Introduction to Tenses:

Tense in English grammar indicates the time of action or the state of being described in a sentence. Understanding tenses is crucial for expressing ideas with precision.

Present Tenses:

  1. Present Simple:
    • Formation: Subject + Base Verb (s/es for third person singular).
    • Example: I play tennis every weekend. He plays tennis every weekend.
  2. Present Continuous:
    • Formation: Subject + am/is/are + Present Participle.
    • Example: They are studying for exams.
  3. Present Perfect:
    • Formation: Subject + has/have + Past Participle.
    • Example: She has visited Paris several times.

Past Tenses:

  1. Past Simple:
    • Formation: Subject + Past Verb.
    • Example: I visited New York last summer.
  2. Past Continuous:
    • Formation: Subject + was/were + Present Participle.
    • Example: We were watching a movie when the power went out.
  3. Past Perfect:
    • Formation: Subject + had + Past Participle.
    • Example: He had already finished his homework when I arrived.

Future Tenses:

  1. Future Simple:
    • Formation: Subject + will + Base Verb.
    • Example: I will call you later.
  2. Future Continuous:
    • Formation: Subject + will be + Present Participle.
    • Example: At this time tomorrow, they will be flying to Paris.
  3. Future Perfect:
    • Formation: Subject + will have + Past Participle.
    • Example: By next year, we will have lived here for a decade.

Common Mistakes to Avoid:

  1. Misusing Present Perfect and Past Simple:
    • Understand the nuanced differences between these tenses.
  2. Overusing Present Continuous:
    • Use it appropriately for ongoing actions but not for general truths.