How Africa is Dealing with Negative Externalities and Elephant Poaching
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Negative Externalities and Environmental Protection

How Africa is Dealing with Negative Externalities and Elephant Poaching

What are negative externalities?

With years and years of revolution and development by the human race, the side effect on the environment and increase in negative externalities have been ongoing and destructive to life on our planet. Negative externalities are the adverse side effects and cost the third party has to bear during the consumption and production of a product. Very common and alarming negative externalities that we must deal with are air pollution, global warming, and habitat destruction/land erosion during the production of almost all industrial goods in the market. This is where environmental protection comes in with the role of protecting the environment through its individuals, organizations, and government.

How Africa is dealing with negative externalities and environmental protection

Elephant Conservation in Africa and its benefits

Another type of negative externality known as elephant poaching has been done for decades in Africa. Elephants are hunted and killed for their meat and ivory tusk which are sold in most Asian markets for multiple uses. Killing these animals and driving elephants almost extinct has affected the economy of Africa severely as elephant poaching correlates with native poverty, domestic corruption, and an increase in global ivory price. Moreover, killing these charismatic large mammals plays a negative role in attracting ecosystems and ecotourism for African land and forests.

Therefore, the government of Africa has started to act on increasing ecotourism by preserving natural life and eliminating elephant poaching. Many conservations are responding to the crisis by reducing this negative externality by protecting these animals. The African conversation of elephants is motivating locals to act as stewards for elephants by giving them incentives and investing to strengthen the frontline conservationists to help stop elephant poaching.

The conservation of elephants is therefore benefiting the locals as they are getting more job opportunities such as tourist guides at national parks, caretakers of the animals, and also by giving financial rewards for taking part in protecting the elephants. Parks such as ‘African park’ and ‘The Nature Conservancy’ are dedicated to creating safe havens for elephants where they feel the most at home while being safe from poachers out to hunt them. Alongside saving the elephants they are also ensuring the local communities how they will benefit from protecting the animals by spreading awareness of how poaching impacts the economy and how tourism will bring economic benefit.

These non-profit organizations are partnered with governments and local communities to conserve African wildlife and wildland while bringing benefits socially, ecologically, and financially for the people of Africa.

In conclusion, it is hard to stray many of the locals away from collaborating with poaching groups and spread awareness of how there will be a more positive effect of conserving the wildlife. However, many non-profit conservation organizations are actively working to save the elephants by providing incentives or sufficient compensations to local communities and landholders to live peacefully with the elephants as that will decrease the effect of negative externalities of elephant poaching.

References

  1. https://www.nature.org/en-us/about-us/who-we-are/
  2. https://www.africanparks.org/about-us/challenge
  3. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10344-018-1180-3
  4. https://courses.lumenlearning.com/zelixeco201v2/chapter/environmental-protection-and-negative-externalities/
  5. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-09993-2
  6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5097124/