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Roman Military Technology

Roman military technology was second to none. Their technology and military weapons made them a formidable force for centuries as they continued to expand their kingdom. Romans used most of the military equipment developed by the Greeks but turned them into a much greater force.

Greeks used the ballistas in siege warfare, but Romans improved their design to a very large extent. The Roman engineers used metal components in its assembly which made the ballista lighter to carry as well as improved accuracy and its power by around 25%. The roman engineers created such a design that the power and accuracy of the ballista increased with its size.

What are examples of roman inventions in military technology?

One of the most significant inventions of the Roman engineers in military technology was the carrobaliista. It was mounted on a cart and could be easily carried from one place to another. Moreover, It could be used both as an attack option or defence.

Romans also invented the onager, a heavy artillery system just like the catapults, used to take down the walls by hurling stones. The onager had a much simpler design than the catapult. And it had a greater force and precision, but the range was very limited. Onager used torsional force and potential energy in its working which was provided by the twisted ropes or springs.

The Romans improved the technology of the pontoon bridge which was originally used by the Chinese and Persians and were able to complete these bridges with rapid speed and within a very short time. Romans had many enemies on the seas.

The Battle of Cape Ecnomus is considered one of the largest naval battles in the history of mankind which was fought between the Romans and the Carthaginians around 256 BC. Carthaginians were the greatest naval force at that time. Carthaginians had the numerical advantage and were strong in long-range battles. Still, the strength of the Romans lay in their close combat tactics. To counter this problem the Roman engineers constructed Corvus, a type of boarding bridge, which locked the two ships together and thus giving Romans the upper hand.