Provinces Territorial Subdivisions of The Roman Empire - Netizen Me
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Provinces – Territorial Subdivisions of The Roman Empire

In the territorial subdivisions of the Roman Empire, provinces were an essential part of Rome’s economy. According to the Time maps (n.d), “Tax farming, military contracting, slave trading, mining operations, grain importing and the trade-in war booty all provided lucrative work for those with the right contacts in Rome and the provinces.”

How did the Romans benefit from their provinces?

To begin with, most of the provinces provided men for the Roman military. They also provided farm products produced by peasant farmers and some slave-run estates. Rome also benefited a lot from mines in the regions, making gold, silver, iron, and other resources. 

How did taxes help the Roman Empire?

Tax income was a vital part of the Roman economy. Each province was subjected to pay direct or indirect taxes, in cash or other forms. Italy was an exception. Custom tax on exports and imports known as Pretoria from provinces was a significant income source for the economy. According to Wikipedia, which cites McLaughlin (2014), “the total figure for state revenues up to 420 million included 40 million from newly conquered Egypt, 40 million from Gaul, and 340 million from all other provinces.”

In addition, trading in grain, wine, and other commodities between provinces and other parts of the world was an important reason Rome thrived economically. During the time of Octavian, new trading markets opened up overseas, such as Africa and Britain, allowing Rome to expand its foreign trade (Wikipedia).

Indeed, tax revenue from provinces was an integral part of the general Roman economy.